Bombing of Hiroshima
August 6, 1945 and the subsequent bombing of Nagasaki on August 9 became the only combat use of nuclear weapons to date.
The deadly cargo of the Enola Gay bomber
The uranium bomb was dropped on Hiroshima on August 6, 1945. The bomb exploded with an energy equivalent to 16,000 tons of TNT at an altitude of about 580 meters above the building of the Hiroshima Chamber of Industry, now known as the “Gambaku Dome” or “Atomic Dome” and listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1996.
80 thousand people died, and radiation led to the death of people within a radius of 1.3 kilometers. More than 70 thousand people were injured. About 6 thousand people survived the explosion and fire, but later died from radioactive contamination. There were also quite a lot of victims due to the consequences of the explosion. For example, from wounds, numerous burns. As well as acquired diseases.
Modern research has shown that 78% of survivors of the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, have difficulty telling about their experiences. Many survivors claim that they have never shared their memories of this day. That is, we can conclude that the explosion entailed not only physical, but also moral consequences.
Quite a lot of people have left their cities. They also didn’t mention where they were from. People didn’t want to be called victims of radiation. Those people didn’t really know what radiation was yet. For this reason, it was believed that it was contagious. And they thought that the victims could infect them.
How to study the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in schools in Japan
There is a special place dedicated to the victims of the atomic bombing. Many schoolchildren attend it every year. Children meet with the victims of the explosion. This procedure is considered inevitable. However, many believe that because of political goals, little is told about this tragedy. Almost without going into details.